When I first looked at Simons Martini painting of SST. Catherine of Alexandria, I noticed many things, I noticed how her face gesture, the position of the subjects head, and arm size hinted naturalism; however, the proportions are not yet perfected. The subject is also being identified through the broach she is wearing around her neck, which is a wheel indicating she is SST. Catherine Of Alexandria. Noticed the subject has a gold halo and seems to be in a narrative: these techniques are seen in many paintings during the Renaissance period (as seen in image 1-4 in appendix).
Being the left hand panel to the Madonna and Child, also knew that this piece loud have significance in the history Of Art. The use Of gold (gilding- seen in image 1-4 in appendix) and materials used (tempera on wood) also led me to believe that this is a Renaissance painting. Research has helped me determine that this beautiful golden painting by Simons Martini (SST. Catherine of Alexandria) was made during the early Italian Renaissance period. This is because of the style and techniques that are used within the painting.
The style Of the renaissance period consisted of techniques using geometry and perspective, chiaroscuro, contrasts, naturalism, and classical themes. The main characteristics Of the early Italian Renaissance 21 Page include the use of one-point perspective, which creates the illusion of a three- dimensional space. The use of geometry is also typically seen in the composition of figures laid out in a triangular form to create a sense of balance (Rechecking, 2013 Para. 2 During the early Italian Renaissance period the artist attempts to represent figures and nature more realistically than previously during the medieval period.
They studied nature and the human body to learn more about the anatomy of humans and animals (Rechecking, 2013 Para, 3). In Simons Martini’s painting to SST. Catherine of Alexandria, you can see examples to this in the face gesture, the position of the subjects head, and the detail in her eye- lashes (Humanism/naturalism seen in images 3 and 5 in appendix). Early Italian Renaissance artists also used contrast between gradations of light and dark and shading, which is the technique they used to create a three-dimensional sense of space (Rechecking 2013 Para, 4). Shading seen in images I and 2 in appendix). In SST. Catherine of Alexandria, you can see the shadows and shading throughout he painting- this is especially evident in the subjects face, neck, arms and hands. The subject matter in early Italian Renaissance included some classical themes of Greek and Roman mythology as well as depicting portraits and other worldly subjects. (Rechecking, 2013, Para. 5). In Martini’s painting, you see that it is both secular and sacred, but religion stands out a little more because Of the subject portrayed is SST. Catherine of Alexandra.
Counterpoints is a word that represents a the stance Of the figure Which ones’ weight rests on one foot; this technique was seed to create a twist in the figures body, thus, making the hip and shoulders no longer parallel (seen in images 3 and 5 in appendix) . The use of counterpoints had been seen before but not used since the classical period. (Rechecking, 2013, Para. 6) Simons Martini’s painting of SST. Catherine of Alexandria does not show the subjects stance, but it does show a twist in the body (one point perspective) which creates the same idea of technique. 31 Page Simons Martini, SST.
Catherine of Alexandria, was created in 1322-23, using tempera on wood. The size of the wood panel is 32 3/4 x 17 1/8 inches (with Ramee). It is part to the Collection of the National Gallery of Canada. The painting of SST. Catherine of Alexandria is part of a triptych; and is the left panel of the altarpiece. The specific term used for this type of painting is called a polytypic. This is a three panel system with “wings” or side panels; Madonna and Child are represented in the centre piece which was the largest section (Wisped, 2013, Para_ I 2). The significance of the subject matter in Simons Martini painting of SST.
Catherine of Alexandria is the changes that were seen during the renaissance, ND the preservation of the tempera painting itself The techniques seen during this period are very important. One being in order to depict the human figure properly, artists needed to study the anatomy With the studying of the human body, artists used the technique of shading to create the volume and a better sense Of perspective. During the restoration Of SST. Catherine Of Alexandria, many parts were left untouched while others were carefully re-painted (Brink, 2001 , Para_ 7); in my opinion, this says a lot about the quality Of work Martini presented.
In other words, this painting is significant because of the stylistic roughhouse Of its time, as well as the care and quality Of the painting itself well as the materials used. The titling of this period “re-birth” or “Renaissance” hints this time involved a breakthrough in art history. Through the use of geometry and perspective, chiaroscuro, contrasts, naturalism, classical themes, and the materials used, was able to determine the stylistic period that Simons Martini, SST. Catherine of Alexandria, was created during the renaissance period.